Anne Frank's Birthday, 1929
Updated: Dec 4, 2020
On This Day in Jewish History: June 12th, 1929 📖✡
On a brighter yet still somber note, today we celebrate the birth and commemorate the short life of Anne Frank. Frank is famous for the diary she kept during World War II, chronicling her experience while in hiding. .
Due to in part to the rise of Hitler and the Nazis, the family moved gradually to Amsterdam, first her father Otto, who started a business there, followed by her mother Edith who brought Anne’s sister Margot in December of 1933. .
Frank received her diary on this day for her twelfth birthday in 1942. Less than a month later, on July 6th, the Franks went into hiding. Frank continued to write of her experience until her last entry dated August 1st, 1944. .
It wasn’t long before she and her family were caught and arrested by S.S. Officers in August of 1944. Miep Gies hid the Frank family and was not arrested because the German officer that later interrogated her was also from Vienna. Gies managed to salvage Frank’s diary, storing it in her desk before the SS officers liquidated the house. .
After spending a brief period in the Westerbork transit camp from August to September of 1944, the family was sent to Auschwitz where Otto was separated from the rest of his family. Those under the age of fifteen were sent immediately to the gas chambers. Frank, having turned fifteen just three months prior, was one of the youngest children spared that fate. Edith died of starvation in Auschwitz while Anne and Margot were sent to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on October 28. Soon after, Margot and Anne succumbed to Typhus, dying within days of one another at the camp. .
Following the end of the war, Otto Frank returned to Amsterdam and reunited with Gies who gave him Anne's writings. “The Diary of a Young Girl” was originally published in Dutch in 1947, however, Otto withheld certain portions from the original diary publication. Furthermore, it was also established that Otto had co-authored this version. It wasn’t until 1995 that Anne Frank’s full diary was published, including the previously omitted passages.