Będzin Ghetto Liquidation and Uprising, 1943.
On This Day in Jewish History: August 3, 1943
The Będzin Ghetto underground resistance became active when the Nazis invaded Będzin. They began by circulating illegal papers and made contact with the Warsaw Ghetto Underground. When the Będzin Ghetto was established on July 1, 1941 the underground changed their focus to armed resistance.
Frumka Płotnicka organized a chapter of the Jewish Combat Organization with the help of Józef and Bolesław Kożuch and Cwi (Tzvi) Brandes. Frumka had relocated from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Będzin Ghetto and brought stories of ghetto liquidations and cattle cars. These stories acted as a base and reason for the existence of the Będzin underground and their mission of armed resistance. They were able to obtain weapons from the underground in Warsaw and they dug bunkers to hide the weapons. They built Molotov cocktails and bombs in preparation for a fight against the Nazis.
During the last deportation of the ghetto, the underground fought back and most fighters were killed including Jewish partisan Frumka Płotnicka. The Judenrat had been against armed resistance until the final liquidation occurred. It was then they agreed that the Jews had no choice but to fight back. After three days of fighting, the Nazis won, the ghetto was liquidated, and those deported were taken to Auschwitz where they later died.
Pictured above is Frumka Płotnicka.