• Meyer Grunberg

Bialystok Pogrom, 1906

Updated: Dec 4, 2020

On This Day in Jewish History: June 16th, 1906 🕯 https://www.instagram.com/p/CBgRhbyFO0t/

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Today marks the end of the Bialystok Pogrom which took place in Bialystok, Poland from June 14-16 against the Jewish citizens of the city. . . .

At the time, Bialystok was part of the Russian Empire. Between 81 and 88 Jews were killed and roughly the same number were wounded by three separate entities: Russia’s Imperial Army, the Russian ultra nationalist movement known as the Black Hundreds and the Russian arch-communist enterprise Chernoe Znamia. .

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The Bialystok Pogrom was part of a series of pogroms in Eastern Europe that targeted Jews between 1903 and 1908 and further strengthened the Zionist push from Russian Jews seeking freedom from the constant persecution. . .

The City of Bialystok had a majority Jewish population during the late 19th, early 20th century with Jews making up 76% of the city in 1895. However the city was radicalized by the 1905 Russian Revolution which helped spur a Jewish push to leave for America or Turkish-controlled Palestine (א"י). . . .

The violence in 1905 led to the declaration of Martial Law in Bialystok in September and stayed in effect until March of 1906. However, violence quickly ensued thereafter with further police killings followed by violent acts against the Catholic and Orthodox Christians on June 14 which was falsely blamed on the Jews. This led to the actual pogrom that would ensue that fateful summer day in 1906.

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Text Source:

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/bialystok

Image Source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bia%C5%82ystok_pogrom#/media/File:Pogrom_de_Bialostok.jpg

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