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Israel and Jordan Sign US-brokered Peace Treaty

Updated: Dec 4, 2020

On This Day in Jewish History: October 26, 1994

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#onthisday, 1994, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan’s Prime Minister Abdul-Salam Majali signed a US-brokered peace treaty after 46 years of conflict between the two adjacent nations.

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This was the second peace treaty that Israel ever created with another Arab state, the first being with Egypt in 1979.

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4,500 guests gathered on the Arava desert border between Eilat, Israel and Aqaba, Jordan to observe the much-anticipated signing witnessed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.

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The site where the meeting commenced would become a border crossing between the two participating nations.

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The day marked a conclusion to the belligerent state between the two countries and a safeguard from terrorist attacks that had been waged on Israel across the Jordanian border dating back prior to 1948.

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Because of these attacks, the signing was conducted with ample security in case of an interruption. Nonetheless, it successfully ended and satisfied both sides.

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Majali signed the treaty on behalf of Jordan’s King Hussein. By participating, Jordan continued the process started by Egypt of normalizing and accepting Israel as an equal, peaceful member of the region.

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Along with the delimitation of an international boundary and an agreement to prevent foreign terrorism, each country promised it would not threaten the other with violence.

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They agreed to cooperate on water allocations, to permit freedom of movement via land or the aforementioned waterways, to respect cultural monuments, and to engage in economic partnerships, including the tourism industry.

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Embassies and ambassador roles were established in each nation in late 1994 after the signing of the treaty within their respective legislatures.

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While the treaty remains, the relationship between Israel and Jordan became strained following disagreements over Israel's handling of Judea and Samaria.

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At the same time, there exists a general sentiment of animosity from the typical Jordanian citizen towards Israelis given that a significant percentage of Jordanians identify as Palestinian.

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✍: @madelynilana

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#judaism#jewish#jewishhistory#onthisday#israel#jordan#peace#otdjh#zionism#history#jews

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Text Source: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/overview-of-israel-jordan-peace-negotiations

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