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Mireille Knoll is Murdered for Being Jewish

On This Day in Jewish History: March 23, 1948

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Unfortunately Mirielle Knoll is known mostly for her shocking demise in a 2018 antisemitic hate crime. One New York Times headline about her murder reads, “She Survived the Holocaust, to Die in a 2018 Hate Crime”. Mirielle’s death also resparked the mass immigration of European Jewry to Israel to escape deadly antisemitism. However, Mirielle is more than this. She led a beautiful life before her death. Mirielle Knoll was born on December 28, 1932 to a French Jewish family. When she was nine, Nazis took over the French government and sent many of Paris’s Jews to their death at Auschwitz. However, Ms. Knoll was spared this fate as she fled to Portugal with her mother. After the war, she married a fellow Holocaust survivor. Ms. Knoll raised and built her family in Paris because she felt first and foremost French. Her grandchildren made Aliyah to Israel; however, Ms. Knoll chose to stay in Paris. As she aged, Ms. Knoll developed Parkinson’s and required assistance from a home nurse aid. On March 23, 2018, Mirelle was stabbed by two men, one of whom she knew since he was little. The two men stabbed her eleven times and then proceeded to light her body on fire. When they were asked what the motive of the crime was, one replied, “She’s a Jew. She must have money.” Mirelle’s murder caused yet another outcry in France due to its antisemitic nature. Two other antisemitic murders had occured in France before hers, but hers was taken the most seriously and labeled antisemitic the quickest due to the anger of French Jewry. The French court denied an attempt by the murderers to remove the charge of antisemitism. Thousands gathered to march through the streets of Paris and remember Ms. Knoll and call to end antisemitism in France. Many French Jews expressed that they were concerned that someone they knew could be killed next. To this day, French Jews continue to leave the country en-masse mostly towards Israel and those that continue to live there do so in a state of constant alert. זכרונה לברכה May her memory be a blessing יהי זכרה מהפכה May her memory be for a revolution

Sources:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/26/world/europe/france-holocaust-survivor-murder.html https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/28/world/europe/mireille-knoll-murder-holocaust.html https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/30/opinion/jews-murder-paris-knoll.html https://www.timesofisrael.com/french-court-orders-trial-over-womans-alleged-anti-semitic-murder/ Questions: 1) where was Knoll from? (Paris) 2) Z"L is a shortened version of what honorific (May her memory be a blessing)

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