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Nazis Liquidate Będzin Ghetto, 1943

Updated: Dec 4, 2020

On This Day in Jewish History: August 3rd, 1943

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The Nazis began liquidating the Będzin Ghetto and were met with armed resistance, led by Jewish partisan, Frumka Plotnicka (pictured here) #onthisday, August 3rd, 1943.

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The Będzin Ghetto underground resistance became active when the Nazis invaded Będzin. They began by circulating "illegal" papers and made contact with the Warsaw Ghetto Underground. When the Będzin Ghetto was established on July 1, 1941 the underground changed their focus to armed resistance.

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Frumka Plotnicka organized a chapter of the Jewish Combat Organization with the help of Józef and Bolesław Kożuch and Cwi (Tzvi) Brandes. Frumka had relocated from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Będzin Ghetto and brought stories of ghetto liquidations and cattle cars. These stories acted as a base and reason for the existence of the Będzin underground and their mission of armed resistance.

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They were able to obtain weapons from the underground in Warsaw and they dug bunkers to hide the weapons. They crafted Molotov cocktails and bombs in preparation for a fight against the Nazis.

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#onthisday during the last deportation of the ghetto, the underground fought back. Overpowered, most fighters were killed, including Frumka Plotnicka.

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The Judenrat, the administrative agency of Jews within the ghettos created by the Nazis, had been against armed resistance until this final liquidation occurred. At this point, they finally agreed that the Jews had no choice but to fight back.

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After three days of fighting, the Nazis won, the ghetto was liquidated, and those deported were taken to Auschwitz where most were gassed or starved.

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As sad as the outcome was, the Będzin Ghetto Uprising is one of multiple cases during the Holocaust that reminds the world of the fact that some Jews would not simply walk to the slaughter. That against all odds, some fought back - that although the outcome was cruel - this would be the beginning of the end of the "weak Ghetto Jew" created by hundreds of years of European persecution.

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Text Source: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/bedzin

Image Source: http://data.cyclowiki.org/images/8/86/0000040165_1_web.jpg


✍: @rebeccaroth01

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#judaism#jewish#history#jewishhistory#onthisday#bedzinghetto#uprising#Holocaust#NeverAgain#resistance#antisemitism#otdjh



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