• Meyer Grunberg

Oslo Accords I Signed, 1993

Updated: Dec 4, 2020

On This Day in Jewish History: September 13th, 1993

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#onthisday, 1993, Oslo Accord I was signed on the White House lawn by Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) - prompting this handshake between Israeli PM, Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman, Yasser Arafat.

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Initially accepted with high hopes, the plan never fully materialized and in fact further complicated the situation on the ground.

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The signing was a culmination of secret talks between Israel and the PLO in Oslo, Norway and was supposed to set up the framework to create a Palestinian state alongside Israel.

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This initial Accord created an interim self-government entity for the Palestinians (Palestinian National Authority), would see the PLO recognize Israel (and pledge to reject violence), and significant withdrawal of IDF troops from Gaza & the West Bank.

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The plan stated that after no later than 5 years (1996) a permanent agreement would be in place.

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Issues not discussed were Jerusalem, final borders, status of settlements and Palestinian refugees.

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On the ground, little actually improved after today's signing. Areas were fully divided (such as Hebron) creating more friction between Israelis and Palestinians. Hamas did not feel bound by Oslo - unleashing what would soon become the groundwork for the Second Intifada. Arafat would soon walk back his dovish rhetoric and incite violence himself.

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Meanwhile, the Israeli opposition was vehemently against the plan - labeling Rabin and Peres as traitors and culminating in the assassination of Rabin in November of 1995.

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To this day, Oslo is seen generally on all sides as a failure and is a telling example for future and current diplomats to consider when discussing solutions for the Israeli - Palestinian conflict.

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✍: @jewishistoryguy


.Text Source: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/history-and-overview-of-israel-palestinian-negotiations#1

Image Source: Public Domain

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