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The Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto Revolt, 1943

On This Day in Jewish History: January 10th, 1943

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The Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto was located in the town of Mińsk Mazowiecki in Germany Occupied Poland just south of Treblinka.


Located east of Warsaw, the ghetto was established on October 25 1940 and came to hold some 7,000 Jews as prisoners from neighboring Polish regions.


Exploited and oppressed, these Jews were forced to live in crowded conditions and acquired starvation rations from SS officers in exchange for unfair amounts of money.


Some were helped by non-Jewish Poles outside the ghetto’s walls who trafficked in food as well as kennkartes (a Germany identity document recognized by the Third Reich) made possible by the underground.


Mińsks Jewish underground was established in the middle of 1941. Donations were conducted in order to purchase weapons and by the summer 1942, fundraising efforts were underway. -These underground efforts were complicated by the Nazis liquidation efforts which began on August 21st 1942. -On August 22nd, led by SS-Untersturmführer Schmidt, Mińsk’s Gestapo chief, roughly 5,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka. -The vast majority of the 1-1,300 Jews that avoided deportation were shot in the streets along with all Judenrat members.


A few hundred Jews made up the resistance forces within the ghetto and began their revolt on January 10th, 1943. As the SS prepared to liquidate the prisoners locked themselves within the ghetto walls, resisting deportation. -In response SS officers set a building ablaze, killing 250 Jews. On June 5 1943 the ghetto eventually dissolved following the extraction of 100 Jews, all of whom were promptly executed.


With the ghetto dissolved remaining resistance forcers as well as the Polish Home Army shortly thereafter, put up a final fight against German officials killing Gestapo chief Schmidt on July 22 1943.


It is understood that 250 Jews survived the ghetto. Mińsk’s Jewish community, established in 1768, was wiped out almost entirel by the Nazis and their collaborators. It has never returned to the heights it once was.


 

Alicja Gontarek, historian of the „Biuletyn Gminy Wyznaniowej Żydowskiej w Warszawie” (2014). "On the 70th Anniversary of the Eradication of Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto" [W 70. rocznicę zagłady mińskiego getta]. Wojna, Getto, Zagłada. Tygodnik Strefa Mińsk.pl weekly, Jarosław Rosłoniec (Mińsk official website). Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2014 – via Internet Archive.


The Erwin and Riva Baker Memorial Collection (2001). Yad Vashem Studies. Wallstein Verlag. p. 57. ISSN 0084-3296. Retrieved 12 May 2014.


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